Acne is the most common skin condition in the United States. Although it’s common, accurate information about acne can be scarce. This can make it difficult to get clearer skin. Myths about acne are as common as the skin problem. One common myth is that you have to let acne run its course. Dermatologists know that letting acne runs its course is not always the best advice. Without treatment, dark spots and permanent scars can appear on the skin as acne clears. Treating acne often boosts self-esteem. We offer many effective treatments for your acne. Schedule an appointment to begin your treatment today!
What causes acne?
Acne is caused by a wide array of factors, most commonly: hormones, heredity, and stress. It occurs when overactive oil glands produce an excess of oil that combines with skin cells to plug pores. Plugged pores, in turn, cause bacteria to multiply, leading to skin breakouts. Sun exposure can exacerbate the condition. It dries the skin, which may initially clear up acne, but also stimulates the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. This causes acne to reoccur, and more severely than before.
What treatments does Colorado Skin Surgery and Dermatology offer?
- Topicals. These are typically the first-line treatment and include antibiotics, retinoids, or salicylic acid.
- Oral antibiotics. Oral antibiotics are frequently used to manage moderate to severe acne, acne that is resistant to topical treatments or covers a large surface area. Common oral antibiotics include tetracycline, doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, and azithromycin.
- Combination therapies. Oral antibiotics and topical retinoids together effectively eradicate acne for many patients.
- Accutane is another oral medication and is the only treatment approved for severe cystic acne. Accutane has been used for over 25 years and improves acne for about 85% of patients, after a four to six-month treatment course. Accutane can’t be prescribed to pregnant patients, and women who can become pregnant must follow strict birth control rules. The risk of a baby developing severe birth defects is high in patients taking this medication.
- Microneedling and Laser Treatments. These treatments can refine skin texture and reduce the appearance of acne scars after active acne is under control.
- Surgical Subcision – More severe acne scaring can require a surgical subcision. A surgical subcision is a minor procedure where our dermatologic surgeons make a precise incision that reduces the appearance and texture of scarring.